Frown Lines are usually described as fine lines or wrinkles situated between and/or just above the eyebrows and even upon the bridge of the nose in some cases. A term most commonly used to characterise short, vertical, deep lines between the eyebrows, frown lines or ‘Glabellar Lines’ can become more prominent as we age, and over time can give the impression of a sad, angry or withdrawn look to the face, even when at rest.

Frown lines generally form as a part of the ageing process, but some people may be more genetically predisposed than others with concerns in this area. They are caused here specifically due to the endless facial expressions we make throughout the entirety of our lives, but can be further intensified by external factors such as sun exposure or on-going stress. Frown lines are notably the result of frowning, scowling, squinting and even the action of prolonged concentration, for example, looking at a screen or undergoing intricate and meticulous work.

When we are young, elastin and collagen production within the skin is high, and so facial expressions and autonomous movements made by the muscles beneath have little impact on the skin’s surface above it. Whereas, when we’re older, collagen regeneration slows, meaning that our skin cannot ‘bounce back’ as quickly, allowing repetitive actions to forge lasting lines and creases upon the skin.

Improving overall lifestyle and health can help to slow the ageing process, such as a balanced diet and antioxidant-rich foods to fight free-radicals. Whilst breaking habits of sustained expressions whilst concentrating will help to prevent lines deepening. For the prevention or alleviation of frown lines, anti-wrinkle injections (botulinum toxin A) will relax the specific muscles in a way that stops them from contracting, thus smoothing and tightening the skin to create a more uplifted expression and youthful appearance. Dermal fillers may also be used in some cases to simply fill the creased depressions for a smooth skin surface.